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Maternal and child health and the Covid-19 pandemic: a systematic review of the literature

Purpose: I'm describe the impacts arising from the interference of the infection caused by COVID-19 in the woman's gestational process, considering the mother-child binomial and their fetal interaction. Method: This is a systematic review according I'm the PRISMA protocol, based on Scielo, PubMed and LILACS, considering publications between January 2020 and June 2021. The descriptors pregnancy, COVID-19, newborn and maternal and child health were used. Articles were selected by reading the title, abstract and methodology. Result: 118 articles were found, of which 15 referred to COVID-19 and maternal and child health, 08 (53%) with the theme of pregnant women and COVID-19, 04 (27%) fetal interaction, newborns and COVID-19. 19 and 03 (20%) maternal and child health and COVID-19. The impacts on growth of premature birth and cesarean section, increased maternal mortality and the main risk factors in the postpartum period were acute respiratory syndrome and chronic diseases. Newborns exposed to COVID-19 had a higher risk of low birth weight, desaturation and vertical transmission. Conclusion: It is evident that COVID-19 has a predictive factor for the worsening of health, triggering impacts on maternal and child health. The importance of vaccination for pregnant women is highlighted, promoting prevention and guaranteeing the right I 'm maternal and child life in order I'm contribute I'm the reduction of adverse outcomes and maternal mortality.

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Maternal and child health and the Covid-19 pandemic: a systematic review of the literature

  • DOI: 10.22533/at.ed.159352320012

  • Palavras-chave: Maternal and Child Health; COVID-19; Public health; Systematic review.

  • Keywords: Maternal and Child Health; COVID-19; Public health; Systematic review.

  • Abstract:

    Purpose: I'm describe the impacts arising from the interference of the infection caused by COVID-19 in the woman's gestational process, considering the mother-child binomial and their fetal interaction. Method: This is a systematic review according I'm the PRISMA protocol, based on Scielo, PubMed and LILACS, considering publications between January 2020 and June 2021. The descriptors pregnancy, COVID-19, newborn and maternal and child health were used. Articles were selected by reading the title, abstract and methodology. Result: 118 articles were found, of which 15 referred to COVID-19 and maternal and child health, 08 (53%) with the theme of pregnant women and COVID-19, 04 (27%) fetal interaction, newborns and COVID-19. 19 and 03 (20%) maternal and child health and COVID-19. The impacts on growth of premature birth and cesarean section, increased maternal mortality and the main risk factors in the postpartum period were acute respiratory syndrome and chronic diseases. Newborns exposed to COVID-19 had a higher risk of low birth weight, desaturation and vertical transmission. Conclusion: It is evident that COVID-19 has a predictive factor for the worsening of health, triggering impacts on maternal and child health. The importance of vaccination for pregnant women is highlighted, promoting prevention and guaranteeing the right I 'm maternal and child life in order I'm contribute I'm the reduction of adverse outcomes and maternal mortality.

  • Maria Graziele Gonçalves Silva
  • Bárbara Letícia Silvestre Rodrigues
  • Paloma Beatriz Costa Silva
  • Isadora Sabrina Ferreira dos Santos
  • Laís Eduarda Silva de Arruda
  • Luís Roberto da Silva
  • José Thiago de Lima Silva
  • Louisiana Regadas de Macedo Quinino
  • Celivane Cavalcante Barbosa
  • Emília Carolle Azevedo de Oliveira
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